John Lipsky is a Senior Fellow of the Foreign Policy Institute of Johns Hopkins SAIS. Before joining SAIS, he served as First Deputy Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund from 2006-2011. Previously, he served as Vice Chairman of JPMorgan Investment Bank, Chief Economist of JPMorgan Chase, Chief Economist and Director of Research of Chase Manhattan Bank, and Chief Economist of Salomon Brothers. Currently he is Co-Chair of the Aspen Institute's Program on the World Economy, and also serves on the Executive Committee of the National Bureau of Economic Research, on the Advisory Board of the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, and as a Director of the Center for Global Development. He is a life member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and received his Ph.D. in Economics from Stanford University.