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Papers and Reports

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Bruce W. MacDonald, Adm. Dennis Blair (Ret.), Dean Cheng, Karl Mueller, Victoria Samson, and Brian Weeden

The six years that have passed since the release of the first edition of this report in the autumn of 2016 have probably witnessed more change in the military space domain than any six-year period since the dawn of the space age over 60 years ago. Awareness of, and interest in, the impact that space has on both national security and daily life are growing, as is a level of uncertainty about what this portends for the future. There is no reason to believe that this trend will not continue, and even accelerate, going forward.


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Nathaniel Ahrens 


The United States and China are enmeshed in an increasingly precarious security dilemma, which policymakers need to address in the geopolitical context of a global order under strain and on the precipice of enormous technological disruption. Governments, think tanks, and the broader policy community have been ineffective at formulating solutions to this and other entrenched challenges to global security. New organizational models and mechanisms that can bridge parochial differences and enable creative thinking beyond existing paradigms are needed. This paper uses the increasingly antagonistic U.S.-China relationship as an entry point to explore new approaches to complex challenges.



One Plus Four: Charting NATO's Future in an Age of Disruption 


Daniel S. Hamilton and Hans Binnendijk (editors)


The Atlantic Alliance faces the most complex strategic environment in its 73-year history. North America and Europe must use the Alliance’s new Strategic Concept to reaffirm their mutual bonds, recast their partnership, and retool their institutions – particularly NATO – for the Age of Disruption.


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Debt Transparency: The Essential Starting Point for Successful Reform


John Lipsky (Co-Chair), William R. Rhodes (Co-Chair), Terrence J. Checki, Richard J. Cooper, William C. Dudley, Keyu Jin, Gail Kelly, Joaquim Levy, Maria Ramos, Susan Segal, José Viñals, Mark Walker


The second installment in the Sovereign Debt Working Group's series on examining and improving the current issues within the sovereign debt architecture, with a focus on debt relief in the post-pandemic world.


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Dispatches from the South China Sea: Navigating to Common Ground


James Borton


Dispatches from the South China Sea's blend of participatory research and field reportage paves the way for a transformation of policy and, provides a basis for the eventual resolution of some of today's major maritime conflicts. From overfishing, illegal and unregulated fishing, coral reef destruction and reclamations, Dispatches from the South China Sea charts science-driven cooperation opportunities. James Borton purposefully and passionately argues that the South China Sea can become a body of water that unites, rather than divides. The first 25 pages can be viewed for free below:

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From Crisis to Convergence: A Strategy to Tackle Instability in the Balkans at its Source

January 2022

Edward P. Joseph (lead author), Dr. Branislav Radeljic, Dr. Lulzim Peci, Dr. Iulia Joja, Jan Cingel, and Pol Vila Sarria


There is a clear path for the US and its European partners to reverse -- not just contain -- the alarming deterioration in the Balkans. US-led 'convergence' over Kosovo will transform the stalled EU Dialogue between Belgrade and Pristina -- and the entire region, including Bosnia-Herzegovina. 'Convergence' will alter Serbia's strategic calculus, curtail malign Russian and Chinese influence in the region, and finally close the three-decade Yugoslav crisis.


Is Serbia Still a Troublemaker in the Balkans?


Faruk Ajeti

As one of the largest countries of the Balkans, Serbia’s troubled past also poses big dilemmas for the future.  Its latest political and military cooperation with Russia and China appears to be an effort to build a strategic neutrality with “Serbian characteristics.” But at what cost?


The Arctic and World Order


Kristina Spohr and Daniel S. Hamilton, Editors
Jason C. Moyer, Associate Editor

The Arctic, long described as the world’s last frontier, is quickly becoming our first frontier—the front line in a world of more diffuse power, sharper geopolitical competition, and deepening interdependencies between people and nature. A space of often-bitter cold, the Arctic is the fastest-warming place on earth. It is humanity’s canary in the coal mine—an early warning sign of the world’s climate crisis.

The Arctic “regime” has pioneered many innovative means of governance among often-contentious state and non-state actors. Instead of being the “last white dot on the map,” the Arctic is where the contours of our rapidly evolving world may first be glimpsed. In this book, scholars and practitioners—from Anchorage to Moscow, from Nuuk to Hong Kong—explore the huge political, legal, social, economic, geostrategic and environmental challenges confronting the Arctic regime, and what this means for the future of world order.


Daniel S. Hamilton & Joseph P. Quinlan

Despite transatlantic political turbulence and the COVID-19-induced recession, the U.S. and Europe remain each other’s most important markets. The transatlantic economy generates $6.2 trillion in total commercial sales a year and employs up to 16 million workers in mutually “onshored” jobs on both sides of the Atlantic. It is the largest and wealthiest market in the world, accounting for half of total global personal consumption and close to one-third of world GDP in terms of purchasing power.

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Trends in Greater Inner Eurasian Transit Connectivity

FPI Annual Report


Borrowing a Boat Out to Sea: The Chinese Military's Use of Social Media for Influence Operations

September 2019

By Nathan Beauchamp-Mustafaga and Michael S. Chase

The Chinese military, known as the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), is positioning itself as one of the leading actors for hostile Chinese influence operations on social media. It is already reported to be surreptitiously using Facebook and other platforms to undermine the democratic process in foreign countries, including Taiwan, and recent developments indicate the United States could be next. The PLA uses social media not just for overt influence operations, such as external propaganda via PLA Daily and Xinhua to achieve narrative dominance as well as psychological warfare for deterrence purposes, but also conducts co- vert hostile political interference operations targeting foreign countries.

The Arab Maghreb Union in Crisis: Rethinking North Africa's Forgotten Union

January 2019

By Hafed Al Ghwell


The Arab Maghreb is the worst performing trading sub-region in the world despite a close proximity to the European Union and a merging of interests concerning immigrant flows, security and potential sustainable energy cooperation.

Governance and Accountability in India: A Comparative Analysis and Recommended Ways Forward

September 20, 2017

By: Devynn Birx-Raybuck, Wang Guan, Shauna Marvel, Robyn Oates, Rebecca Zylberman

Culture in Crisis: Preserving Cultural Heritage in Conflict Zones

April 26, 2017

By: Professor Dan Serwer with Stephanie Billingham, Ceriel Gerrits, Rie Horiuchi, Ross Hurwitz, Jessica Jones, Katelyn van Dam


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